Fly-fishing-salmon, trout and pike

To be successful when Fly-fishing-salmon we need to understand something of the fishes behaviour and motivations.

The life of a fish is in many ways a simple affair. Its concerns are centred around food and security. Two elements crucial to its survival.

As far as the angler is concerned the fishes desire to feed can be exploited by tempting it to swallow the proffered bait and in so doing impale itself on the hook, though its need for safety and security may make it wary and reluctant to to do this.

So, the angler has to be artful enough to convince the fish that the food on the end of his line is safe to eat. This in a nutshell is the challenge fly-fishing-salmon presents to the angler.

However, some fish are not to fussy and will eat virtually anything, unfortunately for us fly-fishermen the majority are a little more discerning.

Every fish has its own preferences, some foods it will readily accept and others it will shun. To be successful you need to prepare bait that resembles the fishes natural food as closely as possible.

For example, you will sometimes find that trout will only be tempted by mayfly or that bass will want nothing but crab.

You can discover what your target fish are feeding on in two ways. By observation or by experimenting with different types of bait until you 'hit' upon the right one.

If you choose the former then a pair of polarizing sunglasses are essential. They will reduce the glare from the river or lake allowing you to see the fish properly.

For an even better view some anglers use binoculars to bring everything into sharp focus.

Whichever method you choose take your time. Rushing will only cause you to use the wrong fly which the fish will ignore. Remember, fly-fishing is a sport where patience is always rewarded.

Another factor you should bear in mind, apart from what bait to use, is the temperature of the water. Generally speaking the warmer the water the more active the fish. This is because they are cold-blooded and their body temperature varies with that of their surroundings. If the water is cold they will be sluggish and disinterested in your bait. Under these circumstances it is up to you to rekindle their interest maybe, by using smaller food items or by presenting food to them in a different way.

To sum up there are many factors that have to be taken into account when fly-fishing-salmon and they will all be considered in greater detail throughout the following pages. Trout-fly-fishing and fly-fishing-pike will also be discussed.