Wet-fly-fishing is the name given to a style of fishing where the fly sinks below the surface of the water. Artificial flies designed to resemble a natural food item are used along with flies that do not mimic living creatures but attract fish by their shape or the way they move through the water. The latter are called attractors.

An attractor is usually described in terms of its’ pattern, as mentioned above its’ pattern is unlike any living creature.

Nymphs and bugs, on the other hand are types of pattern that try to imitate specific life forms.

Other patterns are constructed in such a way that they resemble a variety of foods that the fish like to eat.

Traditional Wet Flies

It is fair to say that a majority of traditional wet flies are attractors and do not try to imitate living creatures. Other flies are designed to resemble small fry or pupal larvae. Sometimes the only resemblence is colour or shape.

Some of the lures available today do resemble small fry at least in outline but most do not. Instead they rely on the curiosity of the fish which causes it to strike at the fly.

Point & Dropper Flies

Traditional wet-fly-fishing uses three flies. The ’point’ fly is attached to the end of the leader. Three feet or so above this is a loose length of nylon (called a dropper) with a second fly attached. This second fly is also, rather confusingly, called a dropper. It is usually an attractor pattern such as a ’Bloody Butcher’ or similar. A further three feet above this is another dropper with a ’bob’ fly attached. This is usually a biggish wet fly such as a Zulu or a Palmer.

Wet fly-fishing technique is quite different from dry fly-fishing. With the former the angler casts upstream at an angle of 45 degrees, then allows the line to move with the current until the line forms an angle of 45 degrees downstream. The angler then moves a few yards downstream and repeats the process.

Modern Wet-Fly-Fishing Practice

The angler using wet flies can, if he so wishes, copy the dry fly anglers technique which is to work upstream using just one fly on the leader-’the point-fly’. In these circumstances the fly to be used will be a copy of some living creature such as an insect, usually one that is abundant in that location and on which the fish regularly feed. Nymph and shrimp patterns are excellent.

If you are fishing in stillwaters with no current to move the flies then you will have to manipulate the flies manually.

Wet-Fly-Fishing. Techniques